UK civil litigation timeline

The package of reforms recommended by Lord Justice Jackson in 2009 represented wholesale change to the civil litigation landscape. Our timeline illustrates what has happened since and what we expect to unfold going forward.

  • 15 July 2024

    Statutory deadline for review of personal injury discount rate in England & Wales to begin

  • Nov 2023

    Online civil money claims pilot extended from 30 November 2021

  • October 2023

    Fixed recoverable costs to be extended in England and Wales

  • Summer 2023

    Sir Vos, Master of the Rolls, to report on the next review of guideline hourly rates.

  • April 2023

    ASHE 2022 revised data now available.

  • 17 January 2023

    Ministry of Justice launches Personal Injury Discount Rate Call for Evidence

  • 15 December 2022

    Ministry of Justice launches consultation on whether UK should become signatory to Hague Convention 2019 on recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments

  • November 2022

    Ministry of Justice roundtables on the personal injury discount rate in England & Wales

  • 1 Oct 2022

    The Disclosure Pilot Scheme in the Business and Property Courts becomes permanent

  • 15 Sept 2022

    Damages claims portal becomes mandatory for defendant legal representatives

    Related item: Damages Claims Portal: an update for defendants

  • 26 July 2022

    Government launches consultation on increasing the use of mediation in the civil justice system

  • 30 June 2022

    The Civil Justice Council (CJC) Costs Working Group launches costs consultation

    Related item: Holistic costs review launched by the Civil Justice Council

  • 1 June 2022

    Small Claims Paper Determination Pilot launched

  • 4 April 2022

    Damages claims portal becomes mandatory for all claimant solicitors with any claim for damages in the County Court

  • April 2022

    Small claims limit increases from £1,000 to £1,500 for personal injury arising out of EL and PL claims

  • 29 Mar 2022

    Government responds to Dispute resolution in England and Wales: Call for Evidence

    Related item: Dispute resolution in England and Wales: the full power of technology yet to be unlocked

  • 1 Oct 2021

    New guideline hourly rates come into force

  • 6 Sep 2021

    Government responds to fixed recoverable costs consultation

  • August 2021

    Call for Evidence launched on the future of dispute resolution in England and Wales

    Related item: More needs to be done to encourage the use of technology to facilitate settlement

  • Summer 2021

    Interim report on the court modernisation programme expected

  • 30 June 2021

    QOCS applies in Scotland

  • 31 May 2021

    Implementation of whiplash reforms and the Official Injury Claim portal

    Introduction of the amended discount rate of minus 1.75% in Northern Ireland

  • 28 May 2021

    Damages claims pilot launched

  • 6 Apr 2021

    Practice Direct 57AC applies to witness statements in the Business and Property Courts

  • Feb 2021

    Consultation on increasing the jurisdiction of County Court in Northern Ireland

    Related item: Proposed reform of County Court civil jurisdiction in Northern Ireland – striking the right balance

  • 13 Jan 2021

    End of cost capping pilot in Business and Property Court for cases valued £100,000 to £250,000

  • Oct 2019

    Commencement of large scale user testing of the new ‘Whiplash Portal’

  • 1 Oct 2019

    Discount rate in Scotland will continue at minus 0.75%

  • 2 Sep 2019

    Commencement of the flexible courts hours pilot

  • 5 Aug 2019

    New discount rate of minus 0.25% in force in England and Wales.
    For more information on pre-2019 discount rates updates, see our discount rate timeline.

  • 6 Jun 2019

    Consultation on extending the scope of fixed recoverable costs ends

  • Apr 2019

    Claims management companies enter FCA regulation

  • 28 Mar 2019

    Consultation launched on extending fixed recoverable costs - horizontally and vertically to claims valued up to £100,000

  • 19 Mar 2019

    Commencement of the first review of the personal injury discount rate

  • 7 Feb 2019

    Post-implementation review of Part 2 of LASPO completed

  • 14 Jan 2019

    Capped costs pilot begins in the Business and Property Courts for cases valued between £100,000 and £250,000

  • 20 Dec 2018

    Civil Liability Act 2018 receives Royal Assent

  • 30 Nov 2018

    Commencement of virtual online hearing pilot for default judgments

  • 28 Jun 2018

    Post-implementation review of Part 2 LASPO commenced

  • 5 Jun 2018

    Civil Litigation (Expenses and Group Proceedings) (Scotland) Act 2018 receives Royal Assent

  • 12 Sep 2017

    Commencement of county court online pilot for money claims up to £25,000

  • 31 Jul 2017

    Commencement of online county court pilot for money claims up to £10,000

  • 31 Jul 2017

    Publication of Jackson’s Supplemental Report on Fixed Recoverable Costs

  • 27 Jul 2016

    Publication of the Briggs Report: Civil Courts Structure Review

  • 31 Jul 2013

    Horizontal and vertical extension of the Claims Portal to include RTA claims and EL and PL claims between £1,000 and £25,000

  • 1 May 2012

    Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act (LASPO) 2012 receives Royal Assent

  • Apr 2010

    Claims Portal for RTA motor personal injury claims valued between £1,000 and £10,000 introduced

  • 14 Jan 2010

    Publication of Lord Jackson’s Review of Civil Litigation Costs: Final Report