Civil litigation timeline

The package of reforms recommended by Lord Justice Jackson in 2009 represented wholesale change to the civil litigation landscape. Our timeline illustrates what has happened since and what we expect to unfold going forward.

  • Nov 2023

    Online civil money claims pilot extended from 30 November 2021

  • 31 Dec 2022

    End of disclosure pilot in Business and Property Court

  • April 2022

    Small claims limit increases from £1,000 to £1,500 for personal injury arising out of EL and PL claims

  • 1 Oct 2021

    New guideline hourly rates come into force

  • 6 Sep 2021

    Government responds to fixed recoverable costs consultation

  • Summer 2021

    Interim report on the court modernisation programme expected

  • 30 June 2021

    QOCS applies in Scotland

  • 31 May 2021

    Implementation of whiplash reforms and the Official Injury Claim portal

    Introduction of the amended discount rate of minus 1.75% in Northern Ireland

  • 28 May 2021

    Damages claims pilot launched

  • 6 Apr 2021

    Practice Direct 57AC applies to witness statements in the Business and Property Courts

  • Feb 2021

    Consultation on increasing the jurisdiction of County Court in Northern Ireland

    Related item: Proposed reform of County Court civil jurisdiction in Northern Ireland – striking the right balance

  • 13 Jan 2021

    End of cost capping pilot in Business and Property Court for cases valued £100,000 to £250,000

  • Oct 2019

    Commencement of large scale user testing of the new ‘Whiplash Portal’

  • 1 Oct 2019

    Discount rate in Scotland will continue at minus 0.75%

  • 2 Sep 2019

    Commencement of the flexible courts hours pilot

  • 5 Aug 2019

    New discount rate of minus 0.25% in force in England and Wales

  • 6 Jun 2019

    Consultation on extending the scope of fixed recoverable costs ends

  • Apr 2019

    Claims management companies enter FCA regulation

  • 28 Mar 2019

    Consultation launched on extending fixed recoverable costs - horizontally and vertically to claims valued up to £100,000

  • 19 Mar 2019

    Commencement of the first review of the personal injury discount rate

  • 7 Feb 2019

    Post-implementation review of Part 2 of LASPO completed

  • 14 Jan 2019

    Capped costs pilot begins in the Business and Property Courts for cases valued between £100,000 and £250,000

  • 20 Dec 2018

    Civil Liability Act 2018 receives Royal Assent

  • 30 Nov 2018

    Commencement of virtual online hearing pilot for default judgments

  • 28 Jun 2018

    Post-implementation review of Part 2 LASPO commenced

  • 5 Jun 2018

    Civil Litigation (Expenses and Group Proceedings) (Scotland) Act 2018 receives Royal Assent

  • 12 Sep 2017

    Commencement of county court online pilot for money claims up to £25,000

  • 31 Jul 2017

    Commencement of online county court pilot for money claims up to £10,000

  • 31 Jul 2017

    Publication of Jackson’s Supplemental Report on Fixed Recoverable Costs

  • 27 Jul 2016

    Publication of the Briggs Report: Civil Courts Structure Review

  • 31 Jul 2013

    Horizontal and vertical extension of the Claims Portal to include RTA claims and EL and PL claims between £1,000 and £25,000

  • 1 May 2012

    Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act (LASPO) 2012 receives Royal Assent

  • Apr 2010

    Claims Portal for RTA motor personal injury claims valued between £1,000 and £10,000 introduced

  • 14 Jan 2010

    Publication of Lord Jackson’s Review of Civil Litigation Costs: Final Report